A CBC News investigation has revealed how fast and convenient it is always to purchase a custom academic essay that can go undetected by university professors and plagiarism software.
The expression paper was purchased through a self-described custom essay writing service that is based in Toronto but serves post-secondary students across Canada.
The real-life assignment was provided by the Ryerson University school of nursing, which agreed to analyze the purchased essay.
"It was very disturbing to me, because i might expect you'll see this paper," said Corinne Hart, an associate at work professor of nursing at Ryerson, who assigns the essay in a third year course. "Now I feel really suspicious about other papers."
Academic integrity experts say businesses that sell custom-written papers are proliferating in the united states. There are also concerns that the ongoing companies are getting to be bolder and much more sophisticated as they grow.
"I see these as predatory companies," said John Paul Foxe, director of Ryerson University's academic integrity office.
"they are going to go so far as to say, 'with us, you aren't cheating, you aren't doing anything wrong, you won't get caught. if you engage'"
That practice happens to be dubbed "contract cheating" when you look at the integrity field that is academic.
While universities and colleges do not allow students to submit work that is not their particular, companies that sell custom essays are fully legal in Canada.
Essay company explains simple tips to hand it in
A representative said the company would not sell a paper to a student who intended to submit the paper as their own work during a hidden camera interview at an essay writing store in Toronto.
The organization, which will be one of many in Toronto alone, insists so it provides work for "research purposes" and buyers must sign a contract agreeing to not submit the ongoing act as their particular.
However, the employees member also explained how some minor alterations towards the purchased essay would make it fit for submission.
"You simply take it and paraphrase it to your words that are own that eliminates any issue with plagiarism," said the staff member. "then chances are you can't say you used someone else's work as the own."
The business guarantees that its papers are produced by native English speakers who have masters or doctorate-level degrees in relevant disciplines, and therefore each paper is a new and original good article tailored towards the assignment that is specific.
The company said nearly all its customers utilize the purchased essays as helpful information to help them produce their very own work.
"a great deal of men and women have no idea how exactly to write papers, they don't know APA format, as well as have no idea how exactly to cite things," said the staff member.
Based on the company's website, this has produced significantly more than 100,000 custom essays in the last 18 years.
"I've seen it around, I know individuals who utilize it," said University of Toronto student Fatima Zafar, standing near a light standard covered in an essay company's flyers.
"Sometimes friends joke I don't know if they're for real or not," said York University student Pedro Charneca about it, but.
The paper obtained by CBC News was written on the topic of gun violence in Toronto. It failed to raise any warning flags in a analysis that is brief nursing professors.
The essay was eight pages long, took a week to publish and value $226 before taxes.
Hart said she likely will give it a B or B-, while nursing program director Nancy Walton said it looked to her like a paper that is b.
"If I experienced check this out with no knowledge of that it was even suspicious of being a contract cheating paper, it might not have occurred in my opinion," Walton said.
"We would never would you like to think that a nursing student is participating in contract cheating, but I guess . I really may well not know."
Academic integrity experts say deficiencies in awareness and research even offers made it difficult to combat contract cheating.
Every semester, the actual number of students buying papers is practically impossible to determine while essay writing companies plaster university and college campuses with flyers.
A 2018 study by Swansea University in Wales found that contract cheating has been self-reported historically by 3.5 per cent of students. Foxe said he believes the nagging problem likely is more widespread.
"I would expect it to be somewhat higher than that," he said associated with the figures that are self-reported. "By virtue to the fact that these businesses are expanding during the rate they may be expanding, that tells us why these businesses have customers."
Foxe said he regularly deals with contract cheating issues. In some cases that are recent he said, the essay writing companies have even attempted to blackmail students by threatening to report them unless they pay additional fees.
While experts acknowledge that online access to these services is widespread, they say that cracking down on the businesses operating within Canada's borders could be effective.
The Academic Integrity Council of Ontario (AICO), a company that represents 30 universities and colleges, is calling regarding the government that ninjaessays is provincial make essay writing services illegal.
"We're a little behind the changing times here in Canada," said Amanda McKenzie, AICO's former chair, who also works at the University of Waterloo.
McKenzie said laws targeting essay writing companies have now been successfully introduced in New Zealand and Australia, where a lot more than 70 post-secondary students were expelled in a contract cheating scandal in 2015.
She said companies in Canada should no be allowed to longer operate underneath the guise of providing "research" assistance.
"They already know that students are likely to take that material and probably turn it around and submit it," McKenzie said. "It really is why the student stumbled on them to start with."
Hart agreed, and said any measures to cut down on cheating and dishonesty should be pursued, particularly in a field where graduates have significant responsibilities for health insurance and safety that is public.
"As nursing students they truly are taking care of people, and there's an expectation of ethics as well as truth telling and all sorts of of those actions that buying a paper basically negates."
A spokesperson for the Ministry of Training, Colleges and Universities said officials are aware of the issue, but that it should be addressed by institutions and individual students in a statement to CBC Toronto. There aren't any intends to introduce legislation targeting the companies, the spokesperson said.